Genuine Australian Army "Royal New South Wales Regiment" hat badge.
68mm x 85mm
Made by Swann & Hudson
The Royal New South Wales Regiment (RNSWR) is a reserve infantry regiment of the Australian Army based in the state of New South Wales.
The regiment was formed in 1960 as a result the amalgamation of all the Citizen's Military Force infantry battalions in New South Wales. This came about through an Army-wide reorganisation of regionally based infantry battalions and the formation of multi-battalion state-based regiments. The New South Wales Regiment was formed from ten individual regiments:
- City of Sydney's Own Regiment
- New South Wales Scottish Regiment
- North Shore Regiment
- Newcastle Regiment
- Macquarie Regiment
- 6th New South Wales Mounted Rifles
- St George Regiment
- Illawarra Regiment
- Werriwa Regiment
- Australian Rifles
At the same time that state-based regiments were introduced, the Army also adopted the Pentropic establishment. This required larger battalions, formed with five companies, and as a result the reorganisation saw the previously existing battalions become company-sized elements of the new Pentropically organised battalions. This resulted in a large reduction in the number of New South Wales battalions, falling from 13 to just three. The 1st Battalion (Commando) was formed from the 1st Infantry Battalion (City of Sydney's Own Regiment), which was the only unit transferred intact to a new state regiment. The 2nd and 3rd Battalions were formed through the amalgamation of the remaining battalions, which were reduced to company-size.
When the Army moved away from the Pentropic organisation in 1965 and the national service scheme began, there was an expansion of the reserve force and this saw a further three battalions being raised (the 4th, 17th, 41st), with the 19th Battalion formed in 1966 as a remote area battalion. A year after that, the 1st Battalion was reduced to a company, which was amalgamated with the 19th Battalion in 1971. Further amalgamations in 1987 led to the formation of the regiment as it is today. Today, the regiment provides two battalions each to 5th Brigade and 8th Brigade in 2nd Division.
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